GSAs are groups that can be referred to as a Gay–Straight Alliance, Gender-Sexuality Alliance (GSA) or Queer–Straight Alliance (QSA). It is a student-led or community-based organization, found in schools (middle school and up) overseen by an advisor. They are intended to provide a safe and supportive environment for LGBTQ+ students, and their straight allies.
Scientific studies show that GSAs have positive academic, health, and social impacts on students of a minority, sexual orientation and/or gender identity. Research shows that GSAs/QSAs can help promote better mental health outcomes such as less depression, psychological distress, and higher self-esteem than students without a GSA at their high school. GSAs/QSAs help students with school attendance levels, have pride in their school, have a sense of empowerment and hope, with friendships, have less stress / isolation, have more confidence, and fewer suicide attempts.